The population structure is projected to change in unprecedented ways. Over-65s are predicted to increase by 50% in 15–20 years. The rapid and large aging of this population requires current, trustworthy data on the primary health variables impacting older people and how they use health care in all cities. Yoga has grown in popularity among people with health issues globally, even in cities. Indian culture has long practiced mind-body medicine. Mindfulness, breathing, and bodily positions are part of yoga. With or without a teacher, you can practice yoga daily. Yoga has helped many people enhance their physical, mental, and spiritual well-being. This blog indicates that yoga is a rising aspect of health prevention and promotion.

Yoga has been more popular among all ages and backgrounds in recent years. Yoga can help with health issues, but little is known about how many people over 45 use it as a therapeutic, spiritual practice, or strategy to enhance their health or avoid chronic diseases. A US survey indicated that 48% of participants used yoga to improve their health. In another German study, 12.9% of yoga practitioners had long-term health issues.

People with cancer, musculoskeletal issues, mental illnesses, asthma, fibromyalgia, arthritis, and diabetes have all practiced yoga. Back, neck, shoulder, major sprains, anxiety, and asthma were associated with yoga practice. These health issues may be the main reason people practice yoga. However, hypertension and COPD were connected to less yoga. To bridge this gap, this study examined how women with asthma, depression, diabetes, osteoarthritis, and osteoporosis use yoga as an additional healthcare technique.

Types Of Chronic Pain

The condition encompasses various types, including, but not limited to:

Neuropathic Pain 

Damage to the nerves or a malfunctioning nervous system are the two main causes of neuropathic pain. It can feel like shooting, burning, or stabbing pain.

Nociceptive Pain

Nociceptive pain Results from tissue damage or inflammation. It’s often described as a sharp, aching, or throbbing pain.

Mixed Pain

A combination of neuropathic and nociceptive pain is referred to as mixed pain.

Characteristics Of The Population

To calculate demographic data, survey data on marital status, urban or rural residence, higher educational qualification completed, and ability to handle available income were used.

Chronic Disease

Women were asked how long they had been diagnosed with the chronic disease (in years). They were also asked to rate the severity of their chronic condition in the preceding 12 months and the last four weeks on a scale of 0 to 10, with 0 being the least severe and 10 being the most severe.

A Yoga Instructor Consultation

It was asked of the women if they had seen a yoga teacher for their illness in the past year and how often. It was also asked of the women how often and how often they did yoga on their own.

Symptoms And Patterns Of Chronic Pain

Chronic pain is a complex condition with symptoms that can vary widely from person to person. Here are some common symptoms and patterns associated with chronic pain:

Persistent Ache: Chronic pain often manifests as a continuous, dull ache in the affected area, lingering far beyond the expected period of healing.

Sharp or throbbing pain: Some individuals experience intense, sharp, or throbbing pain, signaling an underlying chronic condition.

Burning sensation: A burning feeling in the muscles or nerves is a common symptom, indicative of nerve damage or other chronic conditions.

Stiffness: Chronic pain can lead to stiffness in the joints or muscles, limiting mobility and flexibility.

Fatigue: Ongoing pain often results in fatigue, as the body is constantly coping with the discomfort.

Cyclical Nature: A notable pattern is the cycle of pain leading to inactivity, causing muscle weakness, which in turn leads to more pain.

Contributing Factors And Prevention Of Chronic Pain

Chronic pain can arise from various factors, and understanding these is crucial for prevention and management.

Aging: As the body ages, the likelihood of degenerative conditions like osteoarthritis increases, often leading to chronic pain.

Previous Injuries: Injuries that haven’t healed properly can develop into chronic pain. For instance, a back sprain can evolve into persistent back pain if not treated appropriately.

Medical Conditions: Certain chronic conditions, such as arthritis, fibromyalgia, and neuropathies, are primary contributors to chronic pain.

Lifestyle Factors: Poor posture, a sedentary lifestyle, and obesity can contribute significantly to the development of chronic pain, particularly in the back, neck, and joints.

Prevention strategies focus on addressing these factors:

Regular Exercise: Engaging in regular physical activity strengthens muscles and joints, reducing the risk of pain due to muscle weakness or stiffness.

Healthy Diet: A balanced diet rich in anti-inflammatory foods can help manage or prevent pain.

Proper Posture: Maintaining correct posture, especially while sitting for long periods, can prevent back and neck pain.

Weight Management: Keeping a healthy weight reduces the stress on the body, especially on weight-bearing joints, lessening the chances of chronic pain.

Stress Management: Techniques such as meditation, yoga, and deep breathing can help in managing stress, which is often linked to muscle tension and pain.

Regular Health Check-ups: Regular visits to a healthcare provider for check-ups can help in the early identification and management of conditions that might lead to chronic pain.

By addressing these contributing factors through a combination of lifestyle changes and medical interventions, the risk and impact of chronic pain can be significantly reduced.

Diagnosis And Treatment 

Diagnosing and treating chronic pain requires a multifaceted approach due to its complex nature.

A comprehensive medical history is crucial. This includes discussing the location, intensity, and type of pain, its impact on daily activities, and any past injuries or surgeries. A thorough physical exam helps identify pain sources and check for any underlying conditions.

X-rays, MRIs, or CT scans may be used to look for physical abnormalities that could be causing the pain. Blood tests can help uncover underlying conditions like inflammation or infections that might be contributing to the pain.

The diagnosis involves a thorough examination, including a detailed medical history, a physical examination, and sometimes diagnostic imaging or lab tests to identify underlying causes. Treatment options are multifaceted and personalized. 

They often include a combination of pharmacological approaches, like analgesics and anti-inflammatory drugs, and non-pharmacological treatments such as physical therapy, acupuncture, and cognitive-behavioral therapy. 

Lifestyle modifications, including regular exercise, a healthy diet, and stress management, also play a crucial role in managing chronic pain. In some cases, interventional procedures like nerve blocks or spinal cord stimulation may be recommended. 

Importantly, addressing emotional and psychological aspects is vital, as chronic pain often leads to or coexists with conditions like anxiety and depression. A multidisciplinary approach ensures a comprehensive treatment plan, aiming not just to alleviate pain but also to improve overall well-being.


Medications: Over-the-counter pain relievers, anti-inflammatory drugs, muscle relaxants, and, in some cases, stronger prescription medications, including opioids for severe pain, are used.

Physical Therapy: Physical therapy can strengthen muscles, increase flexibility, and reduce pain.

Psychotherapy: Treatments like cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) help manage the emotional aspect of chronic pain.

Alternative Therapies: Acupuncture, massage, chiropractic care, and biofeedback are often used alongside traditional treatments.

Lifestyle Modifications: Changes in diet, exercise routines, and sleep habits can be effective in managing chronic pain.

Surgical Interventions: In certain cases, surgery may be necessary to address the underlying cause of pain, such as repairing a damaged joint.

Self-Care For Chronic Pain

Managing chronic pain often involves self-care strategies that complement medical treatments. These approaches are key to improving quality of life and pain management:

  1. Engaging in low-impact activities like walking, swimming, or yoga can strengthen muscles and reduce pain. Exercise also releases endorphins, which are natural pain relievers.
  1. Eating a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins can help reduce inflammation and promote overall health.
  1. Stress can exacerbate pain, making relaxation techniques such as deep breathing, meditation, or mindfulness beneficial.
  1. Quality sleep is crucial for pain management. Establishing a regular sleep schedule and creating a comfortable sleep environment can help.
  1. Applying heat can relax muscles and improve blood flow, while cold therapy can reduce inflammation and numb the pain.
  1. Smoking and excessive alcohol consumption can worsen chronic pain conditions.
  1. Joining support groups or connecting with others facing similar challenges can provide emotional support and practical advice.
  1. Learning to balance activity and rest prevents overexertion and helps manage pain levels.

WHO Response

The World Health Organization (WHO) has taken significant steps to address the complexities of chronic pain management. Initially, WHO focused on balancing national policies on controlled substances and the pharmacological treatment of persistent pain in children. However, these were discontinued due to concerns over conflicts of interest and inconsistencies with current scientific evidence​​.

WHO emphasizes the critical need for effective pain relief, especially in low and middle-income countries where access to moderate and severe pain medication is alarmingly low. They acknowledge the risks associated with opioid medications, including dependence, overdose, and accidental death, highlighting the importance of balanced access to pain relief and the potential harms of medication misuse.

The organization advocates for proper regulation of controlled medicines, thorough initial patient assessments, regular monitoring, and education. Recognizing the difference between acute and chronic pain, the WHO underlines the need for a variety of pain management strategies beyond medication, including advances in palliative care and pain management research.


According to our findings, women with chronic health conditions such as diabetes and depression were more likely to consult a yoga instructor; women with diabetes and osteoporosis were more likely to self-practice yoga; and women with auxiliary yoga cover were more likely to consult yoga instructors and self-practice yoga. More research is needed to investigate the links between women with chronic health issues and yoga use. It is critical that future studies investigate the use of yoga among women with chronic health issues in relation to overall healthcare utilization.


The original article was produced by It has more references and in-depth data. You can read the full article here: 

1. Atkinson NL, Permuth-Levine R. Benefits, barriers, and cues to action of yoga practice: a focus group approach. American journal of health behavior. 2009;33(1):3-14.
2. Cramer H, Lauche R, Langhorst J, Paul A, Michalsen A, Dobos G. Predictors of yoga use among internal medicine patients. BMC complementary and alternative medicine. 2013;13(1):172.